INA - Technological Electronics > Education > Semiconductor Lasers

Semiconductor Lasers

(Prof. Dr. H. Hillmer)

The lecture is given in English.

Information about this lecture can also be found in Moodle.


  • Diffractive elements: 1D, 2D and 3D gratings (Fresnel lenses and photonic crystals)
  • Light emitting devices: LEDs: basic principles, recent advances: green, blue, UV, white (huge future market), Lasers: Fabry-Perot, distributed feedback, arrays, pulse generation, ultrafast lasers, vertical cavity surface emitting lasers, quantum cascade lasers, microdisc lasers, blue semiconductor lasers
  • Light detecting and absorbing devices: photodiodes and solar cells. Light processing components: amplifier, switches, splitters, combiners, multiplexer, de-multiplexer, beam transformer, micro-spectrometers
  • Displays: advanced developments such as micromachined micromirror displays, laser display technology and vacuum-microelectronics.

The course includes a visit of the Institute of Nanostructure Technology and Analytics (INA) demonstrating design tools for optoelectronic components and showing the clean room facilities as well as the characterization and technological laboratories.

Course targets

To learn basic principles of optoelectronic devices and systems, structure and operating principles of optoelectronic components as well as special applications of these devices and photonic tools. The course is completed by future perspectives and market visions. Not only simple facts and tools are presented, but considerable emphasis is also put on methodology. The engineer should learn to solve problems using interdisciplinary analogies. In other words: looking into the successful solutions of nature is a promising approach for an advanced working engineer. To gether deep knowledge of the complex interaction of electronic, thermal and optical phenomena in laser diodes.


  • S. Kasap, H. Ruda and Y. Boucher: Illustrated Handbook of Optoelectronics and Photonics, Cambridge University Press, 2009
  • S. O. Kasap: Optoelectronics and photonics, Prentice Hall, 2001
  • J. Gowar: Optical Communication Systems, 2nd Ed., Prentice Hall, 1993
  • H. Hillmer and S. Hansmann: Semiconductor Lasers, from Handbook of Lasers and Optics Chapter 11.3, 1st Edition, Ed. F. Träger, Springer, ISBN-10:0-387-95579-8, pages 695-726 ; ISBN-13:978-0-387-95579-7
  • H. Hillmer and T. Kusserow: Semiconductor Lasers, from Handbook of Lasers and Optics Chapter 11.3, 2nd Edition, Ed. F. Träger, Springer, ISBN-978-3-642-19408-5, pages 757-792
  • J. Singh: Semiconductor Devices – an Introduction, McGraw-Hill
  • J. Singh: Semiconductor Devices - Basic Principles, John Wiley & Sons, New York 2001
  • J. Jahns, S. Helfert: Introduction to Micro- and Nanooptics, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2012
  • K. J. Ebeling: Integrierte Optoelektronik, 2. Aufl., Springer Verlag, 1992
  • H. Fouckhardt: Photonik, Teubner Verlag, Stuttgart 1994
  • H. Fouckhardt: Halbleiterlaser – unter Verwendung Fourier-optischer Methoden, Vieweg + Teubner Verlag, 2011
  • H. Hultzsch (Herausgeber): Optische Telekommunikationssysteme, DammVerlag, 1996
  • W. Bludau: Halbleiter-Optoelektronik, Hanser Verlag, 1995
  • T.E. Sale: Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers, RSP, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK, 1995
  • C. Breck Hitz: Understanding Laser Technology, PennWell Books, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 1985
  • L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine: Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits, John Wiley & Sons, New York 1995
  • S. L. Chuang: Physics of Optoelectronic Devices, John Wiley & Sons, New York 1995
  • W. Harth and H. Grothe: Sende- und Empfangsdioden für die optische Nachrichtentechnik, Teubner Verlag, Stuttgart 1994
  • M. Young: Optik, Laser, Wellenleiter, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1997
  • M. Young: Optics and lasers, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1993
  • P. Bhattacharya: Semiconductor Optoelectronic Devices, 2nd edition, Prentice Hall, London 1997
  • F. K. Kneubühl und M. W. Sigrist: Laser, Teubner Verlag, 1995
  • O. Svelto and D. C. Hanna: Principles of Lasers, 4th edition, Plenum Press, New York 1998
  • G.P. Agrawal and N.K. Dutta: Long-Wavelength Semiconductor Lasers, Van Nostrand Reinhold, NewYork, 1986
  • H. Ghafouri-Shiraz und B.S.K. Lo: Distributed Feedback Laser Diodes: Principles and Physical Modelling, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK, 1996
  • S. M. Sze: Physics of semiconductor devices , John Wiley & Sons, New York
  • V. Brückner: Optische Nachrichtentechnik: Grundlagen und Anwendungen, Teubner Verlag, Stuttgart, 2003
  • H.Hillmer und J. Salbeck: Kap. 8, “Materialien der Optoelektronik – Grundlagen und Anwendungen”, in Bergmann Schäfer, Band 6, Festkörper, Auflage 2005,Walter de Gruyter Verlag, Berlin, New York.
  • J.G. Proakis und M. Salehi: Grundlagen der Kommunikationstechnik, 2. Auflage, Pearson Studium, München, 2004
  • B.E.A. Saleh and M.C. Teich: Fundamentals of Photonics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1991
  • O. Solgaard: Photonic Microsystems – Micro and Nanotechnology Applied to Optical Devices and Systems, Springer Science + Business Media, 2009
  • Ulrich Hahn:
    Physik für Ingenieure Band 1: Mechanik, Thermodynamik, Schwingungen und Wellen, 2015
    Physik für Ingenieure Band 2: Elektrizität und Magnetismus, Optik, Messungen und ihre Auswertung, 2015


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